1. what is ACT?

Answer: Instead of setting every permission explicitly, we use access control templates (ACTs).

  1. Process of creating the user, group and role?

Answer:  Go to SAS Management Console–>Right click to Users Manager tab–>create New User/New Group/New Role


  1. How to create bulk of users in sas?

Answer: User Import Macros

Path: SAS-installation-directory\SASFoundation\9.3\core\sasmacro (Windows)  or  SAS-installation-directory/SASFoundation/9.3/sasautos (UNIX).


  1. What is Diff Between Group and Role?


You can’t assign permissions to a role

You can’t assign capabilities to a group.

You can deny permission to a group, but you can’t deny a capability to a role.

A group can be a member of another group, but a role cannot be a member of another role.


  1. What is diff. between Authentication and Authorization?

Answer: Authentication is the process of verifying the identity of a person or process within the guidelines of a specific security policy.

Authorization is the process of evaluating whether a particular authenticated identity has permission to perform a task (such as read or write) on a particular resource.

Example: Whenever you tried to login with SAS EG, first it try to authenticate with LDAP/AD, later it try to authorize with SAS Metadata whether the identity does exist in the Metadata.


  1. How to backup Metadata and configuration file?

Answer : SAS Management Console. On the Plug-ins tab, navigate to Environment Management then select Metadata Manager then select Metadata Utilities then select Server Backup. Then right-click Server Backup and select Backup Schedule/Backup Configuration.


  1. How to monitor the system by using nmon?

Answer: To collect 12 hours’ worth of data in 2-minute intervals, run the nmon command like this:

nmon -t -f -s 120 -c 360 (t- processes, f-filename, s-seconds, c- number count)

Also you can monitor the system(interactive mode) via shortcut key–> type nmon on the command line–>press h(help)–>then m(it will show memory status)/t(it will show you top 10 process)/d (disk i/o stat)


  1. What are the internal accounts for sas admin?




  1. Why do we use sasadm account?

Answer : sasadm account that has privileges associated with the SAS Metadata Unrestricted Users role.


  1. How to recover the sasadm password if you forget it?


  1. You’ll need to log on the SMC with an unrestricted user, if there are more than one unrestricted users in your team.

2.Go to Metadata server–>Locate adminuser.txt–>add any OS user id (Local or Domain account) into adminuser.txt–>Restart the Metadata server–>Go to the SMC User Manager and change the sasadm@saspw password (“update”): remember you cannot reuse the last 5 passwords. This change will be temporary,  close this SMC session, launch the SAS Deployment Manager (preferably the one installed on the Metadata host) and select “Update Passwords”, connect with the sasadm@saspw credentials you have just modified then, in the “User Ids” selection panel, select “sasadm@saspw”

—>Specify the new sasadm@saspw password==>Restart the SAS metadata server and log on with the new sasadm@saspw  credentials.


  1. How Many SAS Application Server you used?

Answer: We can used Nth number of SAS Application server depend on the server resource but by default there is only one (SASApp server).






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